Describes a comprehensive geographic information system of Third-Republic France: the TRF-GIS.
The interwar inflow of women in the labor force due to WWI persisted until today through intergenerational transmission mechanisms.
The Third-Republic France Geographic Information System (1870–1940)
The scarcity of men due to the war generated an upward shift in female labor force participation that persisted throughout the interwar period.
The World War I military fatalities database
First-generation immigrants to the U.S. from 1910 to the present are less likely to participate in the labor force if their mother tongue marks gender distinctions more pervasively.
The epidemiological approach enables to identify the relationship between sex-based gender distinctions in language and female labor force participation.